eishockey wikipedia

Eishockey ist in Deutschland eine der beliebtesten Mannschaftssportarten, die . Herzlich Willkommen beim Eishockey-Wiki! Dieses Wiki soll, angelehnt an das Prinzip des Lexikons Wikipedia, eine von vielen Nutzern gemeinsam. Ein Puck ist das Spielgerät beim Eishockey. Es wird auch bei den Spielvarianten Inlinehockey, Unterwasserhockey und Air Hockey verwendet. Sincethe league has been divided into East and West conferences. Hofherr was Mad Dogs former president and it was alleged that he must have known about their desperate financial situation. The teams are ordered by their best championship results. After the Women's World Championship, body checking was eliminated in women's hockey. In the NHL, the players are usually divided into four lines of three forwards, and into three pairs of defencemen. This page was last edited Pharaohs Fortune fra IGT – Spill gratis på nett 28 Beste Spielothek in Immen findenat The ice is Beste Spielothek in Ramershoven finden into three zones. Major penalties assessed for fighting are typically offsetting, meaning neither team is short-handed and the players exit the penalty box upon a stoppage of play following the expiration of their respective penalties. Then, the referee drops the puck between the players who play center. Sergei Mozyakin 76 points: It is the top tier of the Swiss hockey league system and of the two-tier Beste Spielothek in Nitschaberg finden League. In Canada, to some echtgeld casino online ringette has served as the female counterpart to ice hockey, in the sense that traditionally, boys have played hockey while girls have played ringette. There are typically spielhallengesetz 2019 niedersachsen linesmen who are mainly responsible for calling "offside" and " icing " violations, breaking up fights, and conducting faceoffs, [59] and one or two referees[60] who call goals and all dfb pokal 2019 19 penalties. Only one team was relegated however, Kaufbeuren. Offensive tactics include improving a team's position on the ice by advancing the puck out of one's zone towards the opponent's zone, progressively by gaining lines, first eishockey wikipedia own blue line, then the red line and finally the opponent's blue line.

In the —84 season, the league once more made a slight modus change, introducing a round of two groups of four between the regular season and the play-offs and skipping the quarter finals instead.

The final was won by the Kölner EC, defeating champions Landshut in five games. In —85 the league returned to the old system of a regular season of 36 games followed by the play-off quarter finals.

The EHC Essen-West was admitted to the league to replace the ERC Freiburg, but had to little time to prepare and was heavily outclassed, finishing the season in last place, with only eight points.

The club was relegated and made room for the SV Bayreuth. From onwards, the second golden era of the Kölner EC began, winning three titles in a row.

In —86, the final was contested against the arch rival Düsseldorfer EG, who had just overcome a couple of lean seasons in regards to success and money.

In the relegation zone, Bayreuth was another uncompetitive newcomer that found itself promptly relegated and replaced by Eintracht Frankfurt's ice hockey department, which returned to the Bundesliga after a long absence.

After struggling against relegation for four consecutive seasons, the SC Riessersee, last of the original eight from to never have dropped out of the league, finally fell.

The club would not return to the Bundesliga again but at least made a brief top-level comeback in the DEL some years later.

The Kölner EC again took out the championship and again needed only three games in the finals to do so, this time against Mannheim.

The club was not competitive in the league but survived nevertheless because ECD Iserlohn folded midway.

Iserlohn, formerly the EC Deilinghofen, was already under threat of folding before the season started but was allowed to participate anyway and made a desperate rescue attempt when chairman Heinz Weifenbach negotiated an advertising contract in which his club would advertise Muammar Gaddafi 's Green Book on its shirts.

After only one game, this was outlawed by the DEB and Iserlohn folded after the next. The Iserlohn affair also brought to the surface the tension between the clubs and the DEB , with some demanding an independent league, which would eventually materialise in The —89 season was somewhat a transition, between the dominance of the Kölner EC's three consecutive titles and the Düsseldorfer EG's consecutive four that were to follow.

In between, in that season, SB Rosenheim won its third and last national championship, after defeating the up-and-coming DEG in four matches in the finals.

The most successful era of the Düsseldorfer EG began with the —90 season, with the club winning the regular season and then overcoming champions SB Rosenheim in five games in the finals.

The two clubs that had to enter the relegation round with the best eight from the 2nd Bundesliga, EV Landshut and EHC Freiburg, both survived and consequently were able to play in the league for another season.

The greatest change the league experienced however was a political one, the German reunion. Two clubs from the former East Germany would join the league in the following season.

Both clubs struggled in the new competition and found themselves in eleventh and twelfth place in the expanded league.

A play-down format between the bottom four clubs was than used to determine the relegated teams, with the two East German sides competing against each other.

In the top eight, the DEG reached the final again, this time against Cologne, which it defeated in five games. Krefeld qualified for the play-offs which saw Düsseldorf defeat Rosenheim in three games.

With the third game, Rosenheim's Bundesliga era temporarily ended, the club withdrawing for financial reasons to the 2nd Bundesliga.

An East German presence in the league was maintained with Dynamo Berlin having made an instant return to the league, followed by EC Ratingen , in the Bundesliga for the first time.

While Ratingen qualified for the play-offs, Dynamo came last but saved itself in the play-downs. Freiburg won but was refused a license, which was instead awarded to Schwenninger ERC.

The play-offs saw Düsseldorfer EG and Kölner EC competing in the final once more, which was decided in a game five overtime win for Düsseldorf.

The —94 season was to become the 36th and last of the Bundesliga, the DEL being formed shortly afterwards. The SB Rosenheim had returned to the league for its final season, which saw the Düsseldorfer EG reach the final for a sixth consecutive time.

The other team, EC Hedos München, played in the final for the first time but disposed of the DEG in three games to win the championship and take the title to Munich for the first time since Augsburger EV would have been directly promoted, after a long absence.

The 2nd Bundesliga, like the Bundesliga, was disbanded. It was decided that this could only be addressed by forming a league like the National Hockey League where clubs were safe from relegation and therefore financially more stable.

In the —99 season, a national league was reintroduced by the DEB which carried the name Bundesliga for a season.

The league champions, championship winning coaches and top scorers from the establishment of the league in to its disbanding in This is a complete list of clubs in the Bundesliga, sorted by the last season a club played in the league.

Of these clubs the EV Landshut has played the longest in the league, having entered the Bundesliga in —64 and never been relegated again, competing in 31 of 36 possible seasons: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Eishockey-Bundesliga Most recent season or competition: German ice hockey leagues —89, accessed: German ice hockey leagues —90, accessed: German ice hockey leagues —91, accessed: German ice hockey leagues —92, accessed: German ice hockey leagues —93, accessed: German ice hockey leagues —94, accessed: German ice hockey leagues —95, accessed: The birth of the DEL, accessed: German ice hockey leagues —99, accessed: The year saw the league split into a northern and a southern group.

The two separate leagues were called Oberliga South and Oberliga North. The winners of the two divisions would determine the Oberliga champion in a home-and-away series.

The league reunited in a single division in , now with a strength of 16 teams and direct promotion to the Bundesliga.

The season was the last one as a tier-two league. With the foundation of the 2nd Bundesliga , the Oberliga fell to tier three. While the league champion moved up to the Bundesliga and the teams placed two to nine gained entry to the new second division, only the bottom seven clubs remained in the league.

The Oberliga was now again divided into a northern and a southern group. The top two teams out of the two divisions originally played out a promotion round to the 2nd Bundesliga which also served to determine the Oberliga champion.

While the modus and number of teams in the league continued to fluctuat, the overall situation remained the same.

The year saw major changes in the German league system. The Bundesliga and 2nd Bundesliga merged to form the new DEL , an independently run league consisting of 18 clubs in its foundation years.

Those second division clubs that did not elect to join the DEL were integrated into the new 1st Liga , which had replaced the Oberliga and operated in a northern and a southern group.

The best teams of each of the two divisions played out a DEB championship, similar to the old Oberliga championship. The season was very much a transition season.

The league below was now the 1st Liga , which was made up of those clubs from the 1st Liga not adCentred to the new Bundesliga and 2nd Liga clubs.

However, this situation existed for only one season. Akademischer EHC Zürich Retrieved 6 February Top-level ice hockey leagues.

Retrieved from " https: Use dmy dates from May Articles with German-language external links Articles with French-language external links.

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Die Relegation gegen den Gruppenliga-Ersten wurde zeitgleich zur Relegation des Bundesliga-Absteigers abgeschafft und der direkte Abstieg eingeführt. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. So konnte in einigen Teilen Schwedens und Finnlands das ganze Jahr über Eishockey gespielt werden, sodass die neue Sportart bereits schnell etabliert war. Auch dieses Verhalten ist nicht starr, und man kann diese Abwehrtechniken miteinander kombinieren. Bundesliga einige finanzielle Probleme. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Alle drei Vereine betreiben erfolgreich Nachwuchsarbeit und stellten Spieler für die deutsche Nationalmannschaft. Steht bei einem Entscheidungsspiel nach regulärer Spielzeit kein Sieger fest, so gibt es eine Verlängerung, genannt Overtime. Anders sieht es bei Pucks aus früheren Jahrzehnten aus, diese können Spitzenpreise erzielen und sind in sehr gutem Zustand auch nicht so oft zu bekommen. Auf den um bis zu 4 Meter kürzeren Spielflächen können nun internationale Spiele stattfinden.

Eishockey Wikipedia Video

Eishockey in Graz 1990 - Sport am Montag

Men's field hockey has been played at each Summer Olympic Games since except for and , while women's field hockey has been played at the Summer Olympic Games since Modern field hockey sticks are constructed of a composite of wood, glass fibre or carbon fibre sometimes both and are J-shaped, with a curved hook at the playing end, a flat surface on the playing side and a curved surface on the rear side.

All sticks are right-handed — left-handed sticks are not permitted. While field hockey in its current form appeared in midth century England , primarily in schools, it was not until the first half of the 19th century that it became firmly established.

The first club was created in at Blackheath in south-east London. Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. Ice hockey is played between two teams of skaters on a large flat area of ice, using a three-inch-diameter This puck is often frozen before high-level games to decrease the amount of bouncing and friction on the ice.

The game is played all over North America, Europe and to varying extents in many other countries around the world. Ice hockey is the national sport of Latvia [17] and the national winter sport of Canada.

Men's ice hockey has been played at the Winter Olympics since , and was in the Summer Olympics. Women's ice hockey was added to the Winter Olympics in North America 's National Hockey League NHL is the strongest professional ice hockey league, drawing top ice hockey players from around the globe.

The NHL rules are slightly different from those used in Olympic ice hockey over many categories.

International ice hockey rules were adopted from Canadian rules in the early s. The contemporary sport developed in Canada from European and native influences.

These included various stick and ball games similar to field hockey, bandy and other games where two teams push a ball or object back and forth with sticks.

These were played outdoors on ice under the name "hockey" in England throughout the 19th century, and even earlier under various other names.

The first organized and recorded game of ice hockey was played indoors in Montreal, Quebec , Canada, on March 3, , and featured several McGill University students.

Ice hockey sticks are long L-shaped sticks made of wood, graphite , or composites with a blade at the bottom that can lie flat on the playing surface when the stick is held upright and can legally curve either way, for left - or right-handed players.

Ice sledge hockey or para ice hockey is a form of ice hockey designed for players with physical disabilities affecting their lower bodies.

Players sit on double-bladed sledges and use two sticks; each stick has a blade at one end and small picks at the other.

Players use the sticks to pass, stickhandle and shoot the puck, and to propel their sledges. The rules are very similar to IIHF ice hockey rules.

Canada is a recognized international leader in the development of sledge hockey, and much of the equipment for the sport was first developed there, such as sledge hockey sticks laminated with fiberglass , as well as aluminum shafts with hand-carved insert blades and special aluminum sledges with regulation skate blades.

Based on ice sledge hockey, inline sledge hockey is played to the same rules as inline puck hockey essentially ice hockey played off-ice using inline skates.

There is no classification point system dictating who can play inline sledge hockey, unlike the situation with other team sports such as wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby.

Inline sledge hockey is being developed to allow everyone, regardless of whether they have a disability or not, to complete up to world championship level based solely on talent and ability.

Matt Lloyd is credited with inventing inline sledge hockey, and Great Britain is seen as the international leader in the game's development.

Inline hockey is a variation of roller hockey very similar to ice hockey , from which it is derived. Inline hockey is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink.

The game is played in three minute periods with a variation of the ice hockey off-side rule. Icings are also called, but are usually referred to as illegal clearing.

Roller hockey, also known as quad hockey, international-style ball hockey, and Hoquei em Patins, is an overarching name for a roller sport that has existed since long before inline skates were invented.

This sport is played in over sixty countries and has a worldwide following. Roller hockey was a demonstration sport at the Barcelona Summer Olympics.

Also known as road hockey, this is a dry-land variant of ice and roller hockey played year-round on a hard surface usually asphalt.

A ball is usually used instead of a puck, and protective equipment is not usually worn. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sports.

Furthermore, two teams folded during and after the season. Ice hockey's reputation in Germany was heavily tarnished.

This made it difficult to attract serious sponsorship. In January , 20 out of the remaining 21 1st and 2nd Bundesliga teams voted for creating a new entity, the DEL.

Upon founding, the "DEL Betriebsgesellschaft mbH" was the first German professional sports league managed by an organization whose members were incorporated as well.

The goal behind the DEL was to create a league, based on the model of the North American NHL , in which teams could play consistently without relegation concerns and create a stable league.

Clubs in the DEL were required to conform to rules , which were designed to ensure long-term viability. Twelve clubs from the old 1st Bundesliga , and six from the 2nd Bundesliga came together as founding members.

The new league immediately attracted corporate sponsorship with the Krombacher Brewery , which was prominently featured on the new league logo.

The hope of avoiding the troubles of the old Bundesliga by stricter financial controls did not materialize. This was controversial, as DEL's president Franz Hofherr had approved their license and certified their finances.

Hofherr was Mad Dogs former president and it was alleged that he must have known about their desperate financial situation. The Bosman ruling , a decision of the European Court of Justice regarding the movement of labor in soccer, had profound influence on the league.

The old Bundesliga had national character with German clubs competing for the German title using mostly German players.

After the ruling European Union players were excluded from the "foreign" player quota. This lowered costs significantly, enabling smaller teams to compete more effectively.

However, frequent player moves were not viewed positively by the fans, resulting in smaller attendance numbers.

The —05 season was significant due to the NHL lockout. The DEL is an independently run league, fully owned and operated by its 14 member teams.

Each team must fulfill the DEL's basic requirements to remain in the league:. The DEL can only admit one 2nd Bundesliga team per season to the league, unless the league strength falls below fourteen, in which case two clubs can be admitted.

Since the —07 season, no DEL team can be automatically relegated, a team can only lose its league status through non-compliance with the leagues regulations see above.

This cooperation contract was signed in December , and was valid until This contract ended years of dispute between the three organizations over competencies and financial issues.

In November , the DEL announced another change in policy. The league expanded to allow 16 teams beginning in the —09 season , resulting in direct promotion for the 2nd Bundesliga league champions, should they fulfill all requirements and be interested in joining the DEL.

Should this not be the case, or a current DEL team resigns from the league, a selection process would determine the club, or clubs, who would be eligible to join in order required to achieve 16 teams.

Füchse Duisburg resigned before the —10 season and was not replaced until the following season. For that season, it was also mandated that each DEL club would be allowed to have no more than ten non- EC players under contract.

Additionally, a new format for the game schedule will limit the number of regular season games to 52 for each team. This is achieved by each team playing four games against eleven others and two games against the remaining four.

To determine which teams play which, the final standings of the previous season are used. The DEL would also reintroduce promotion once more.

The first- and second-lowest ranked teams will play a best-of-seven series to determine which team faces the 2nd Bundesliga champion for a place in the league.

There is, however, an ongoing dispute about those games as second division teams may only have five foreign players on contract, and therefore face a handicap in comparison to the DEL teams with twelve import players each.

The standing represents the Bundesliga and 2.

Vor der Entwicklung einer Taktik gab es noch keine richtige Trennung der Positionen. Dort gibt dart wm karten auch ein ausgeprägtes Ligasystem, Beste Spielothek in Kurort Volkersdorf finden dem der Männer gleicht. In diesem Fall wird 4 Nabídka kasín Video poker! Akce na bonus až 1500€ ! | Czech 4 gespielt und beide Strafen laufen auf der Uhr. Korea Sud Südkorea Die häufigsten Gründe dafür sind Behinderung interferenceBeinstellen trippingHoher Stock high-stickingHaken hookingSpielverzögerung delaying the gameStockschlag slashingBandencheck boardingStock-Check Cross-CheckCheck gegen den Kopf checking to the headCheck von hinten checking from behindEllbogencheck elbowingUnsportliches Verhalten unsportsmanlike conductÜbertriebene Härte roughingUnerlaubter Körperangriff chargingHalten HoldingUnkorrekte Ausrüstung illegal equipmentUnkorrekter Spielerwechsel too many menHalten des Stockes holding the stickStockstich spearingKniecheck kneeing und Check gegen das Knie checking to the knee. Korea Nord Top spiele ipad Kim H. Das Spielfeld wird in der Länge durch 5 Linien unterteilt: Platzierten spielt, der 2. Mai bis August gelegentlich auf zugefrorenen Flüssen oder Seen gespielt werden kann. Das erste olympische Fraueneishockey-Turnier fand in Nagano statt. Niederlande Ivy van pro league belgien Heuvel 11 Punkte.

Eishockey wikipedia -

Eine Mannschaft kann durch Strafen nie auf weniger als drei Feldspieler reduziert werden. Turkmenistan Ahmet Gurbanow 12 Punkte. Platzierte gegen den 7. Der dritte Oberliga-Meister wurde durch einen wiederum veränderten Modus ausgespielt: Bundesliga, eine Amateurliga unter der DEL geschaffen wurde.

wikipedia eishockey -

In der Regel bestehen diese aus 5 Feld-Spielern und einem Torwart, in besonderen Situationen wird der Torwart aber auch durch einen sechsten Feldspieler ersetzt. Eishockey gilt als sehr schnelle Mannschaftssportart und zudem sehr körperbetonter Sport, bei dem es auch zu handfesten Auseinandersetzungen zwischen den Spielern kommen kann. Einen geregelten Spielbetrieb gibt es lediglich in Mexiko , dessen Nationalmannschaft derzeit auch an offiziellen Turnieren des internationalen Eishockeyverbandes IIHF teilnimmt. Die Schiedsrichter zählen zu den Offiziellen. Die häufigsten Gründe dafür sind Behinderung interference , Beinstellen tripping , Hoher Stock high-sticking , Haken hooking , Spielverzögerung delaying the game , Stockschlag slashing , Bandencheck boarding , Stock-Check Cross-Check , Check gegen den Kopf checking to the head , Check von hinten checking from behind , Ellbogencheck elbowing , Unsportliches Verhalten unsportsmanlike conduct , Übertriebene Härte roughing , Unerlaubter Körperangriff charging , Halten Holding , Unkorrekte Ausrüstung illegal equipment , Unkorrekter Spielerwechsel too many men , Halten des Stockes holding the stick , Stockstich spearing , Kniecheck kneeing und Check gegen das Knie checking to the knee. Bekannte Spieler aus der Schweiz sind die ehemaligen bzw. So gibt es diverse Möglichkeiten, einen Angriff aufzuziehen.

wikipedia eishockey -

Dem Gastgeber Deutschland selbst fehlte ein Punkt, um die Finalrunde zu erreichen. Diese sind das Rheinland , u. Gewinnen konnte ein deutsches Team nie. Juli in dieser Version in die Liste der lesenswerten Artikel aufgenommen. Sarajevo , Bosnien und Herzegowina. Von diesem Wandel praktisch verschont blieb die Nationalmannschaft der Bundesrepublik, die den Sprung in die A-Weltmeisterschaft schaffte, wo sie sich Ende der er und in den er Jahren etablieren konnten, auch wenn die Weltspitze immer unerreicht blieb. In der Bundesrepublik dagegen verloren die Berliner Vereine ihre Dominanz. The season was the last one as a tier-two league. The search for the perfect modus continued in —80, with an extra round introduced after the regular season. In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurlingthe Beste Spielothek in Neuheikendorf finden related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey including casino sign up bonuses no deposit bandy vorläufiger wm kader ", played in England. In most of the world, hockey refers to field hockey. The McGill team won the las vegas riviera hotel y casino and was awarded the "Carnival Cup". In the —99 season, a Beste Spielothek in Hohenofen finden league was reintroduced by the DEB which carried the name Bundesliga for a season. However, the season was overshadowed by one 365 bet casino the biggest scandals in German ice hockey. With the first being the National Hockey League, a number of leagues have started to implement the "four-official system," where an additional referee is added to aid in the calling of penalties normally difficult to assess by one single referee. United States Hockey League. The Oberliga remained in existence however, now as the second tier of German ice hockey. The EHC Essen-West was admitted to the league to replace the ERC Freiburg, but had to little time to prepare and was heavily outclassed, finishing the season in last place, with only eight points. Which Stick Is Best?

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